This has to do with inventions, knowledge, and practices of Indigenous and Local Communities (ILC) on the conservation and use of genetic resources. It is a very important element in the ABS Process. Traditional practices often reflect useful information on the properties of plants and other biological resources. Traditional knowledge, therefore, serves as the initial basis for selecting, sampling and screening biodiversity according to local uses.ILC are the custodians of these genetic resources and have rights over them within their communities. These rights are extended to their traditional knowledge relating to the use of these resources. Their consent must, therefore, be sought • before accessing these resources within their localities.